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BCRM, LLC is dedicated to conducting ethically responsible archaeological, historical, and archival research focusing on compliance with local, state, and federal Cultural Resource Management (CRM) mandates. Services offered include: Archival Research, Archaeological Monitoring, Reconnaissance Survey/Feasibility Study (Phase Ia) and Intensive Survey (Phase I). We pride ourselves in being Phase I Cultural Resource Assessment Survey (CRAS) specialists. BCRM also specializes in Digital Marketing Consulting for Archaeology Corporations. We can work with you to create a customized Digital Marketing Plan for your non profit archaeological organization or your for profit CRM firm.


Phase I Cultural Resource Assessment/Archaeological Survey

Phase IA Feasibility Study

Archival Research

Archaeological Monitoring

Archaeology Marketing


EAC shovel test in progress

Phase I Archaeological Survey/Cultural Resource Assessment

A Phase I Cultural Resource Assessment Survey (CRAS) begins with archival research providing the framework for a holistic cultural assessment of the project tract.  Initially, background research is conducted to clarify the historic, environmental, and cultural context of the project tract.  Historic development patterns including an overview of land use and significant events in the vicinity of the project tract are defined and evaluated.  Likewise, environmental variables such as soil characteristics and topographic components of the project tract are clarified. Historic and environmental project tract information is then synthesized with known prehistoric and historic cultural data to refine specific fieldwork objectives.  This phase of the background research provides an overview of archaeological and historical knowledge in the region of Florida associated with the project tract (including previous Cultural Resource Assessments in proximity to the project tract).

Background research is applied toward the formulation of a holistic project probability model.  This probability model serves as the framework defining a contextual field strategy that clarifies field tactics and objectives for the proposed project. Fieldwork includes first-hand observation as well as technical excavation.  Field observations conducted in search of potential cultural resources include the non-invasive surface inspection of landform characteristics that might demonstrate evidence of buried cultural resources.  For example, surface investigations of observed animal burrows, ditches, borrow pits, dirt piles, berms, dirt roadways, tree falls, cattle paths, and areas cleared of vegetation will be conducted.

Technical excavation associated with Phase I CRAS fieldwork prioritizes strategic subsurface testing designed to locate, identify, and delineate Cultural Resources (archaeological and historical sites) on the project tract. Placement and spacing between these subsurface tests (shovel tests) is determined by the project probability model which establishes high (HPZ), medium (MPZ), or low (LPZ) probability zones across the project tract. As recommended by the Florida Division of Historic resources (FDHR 2002), shovel tests are spaced at high (25 meter), medium (50 meter), or low (100 meter) intervals relative to their probability zone. Likewise, shovel tests are placed in areas with the highest potential for cultural remains within these recognized zones across the project tract. Subsurface tests are accounted for individually to ensure accuracy.  Each shovel test is depicted on a project map that is included in the final report.  Each shovel test is also recorded on a standardized form detailing: shovel test number; relative location to surrounding land features and shovel tests; local environmental context; elevation slope; stratigraphic profile; soil characteristics; and cultural material recovered. 

At BCRM, LLC, we prioritize accurate recording methods as well as consistent, meticulous hand excavation techniques. Consistent with FDHR recommendations (FDHR 2002), shovel tests measure 0.5 m in diameter and are typically dug to a depth of 1 meter. Likewise, in search of cultural material, all soil and sediment is screened through ¼” hardware cloth.  Upon completion, all shovel tests are backfilled thoroughly.

Fieldwork results and background research are then applied toward the production of the Final Project Report.  Our Phase I CRAS research and deliverables (forms and reports) are consistent with State standards established by the Florida Division of Historical Resources (FDHR 2002) and are designed to comply with all requirements and expectations for archaeological consulting practice in the State of Florida.  

Phase IA Feasibility Study/Reconnaissance Survey

This service is provided to clients who are faced with the challenge of clarifying the potential for discovering cultural resources on land they plan to alter. This service includes background research and a site visit facilitating the generation of a probability model generated to clarify the probability of discovering cultural resources on a given parcel of land. This process is consistent with state standards for predictive modeling and includes but is not limited to geomorphologic, cultural, and environmental variables pertaining to your parcel such as: soil type, vegetation, elevation above sea level, relative distance to a permanent water source and relative distance to known archaeological and relevant historical resources. This service allows clients to make informed decisions regarding land use planning and management.

Archival Research

This service provides clients with a coprehensive review of historical and archaeological databases to clarify known (previously recorded) archaeological and or historical resources (archaeological sites, cemeteries, historic structures, etc.) located on land slated for alteration (locations of land altering activities such as: land clearing, demolition, road construction or alteration, etc.). This represents the initial step toward compliance with CRM mandates and provides clients with necessary background information to make informed decisions throughout the process.

Archaeological Monitoring

On site monitoring of cultural resources during ongoing construction projects. We provide this service to clients charged with documenting clear and purposeful avoidance of sensitive archaeological deposits (such as grave sites or other previously identified cultural resources) located within a specified project area.

Marketing Consulting for Archaeological Corporations, Museums and Educational Institutions

We develop Action Plans to redesign existing Websites and we create comprehensive Digital Marketing Plans for your archaeological organization. We specialize in Consumer Behavior Analysis, Cultural Marketing and Marketing Planning. We can also work with you to articulate your Digital Marketing plans with a web developer or code specialist.

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